Saturday, May 19, 2018

The Regulars

  The Regulars is coming: a War of the Words
  I dreamed I was in Colonial times in the war. I knew it was colonial times because I had a tri-cornered hat on and other funny clothes. I was walking and talking with a friend when, all of the sudden, we heard the sound of gunfire off in the distance. My friend fell to the ground and pulled me down as well.
  He said," lay down, lay down, someone's shooting a musket at us.''
  "Don't you mean lie down?,'' I replied.
  We crawled to the relative safety of a large rock and tried to figure out what was going on.
  "Lay down, lie down, what's the difference? You're just splitting hares.''
  "There's a big difference. You lie down but you made me lay down when you forcefully pulled on my arm.''
  "It's all just a matter of semantics. What's important now is that we are safe," he said.
  "I would be lying if I said semantics were not important. Don't tell me you're anti-semantic. I simply won't tolerate that. Furthermore, you said hares when clearly you meant hairs.''
  "How can you tell which word I used by the sound of it. I didn't spell it out.''
  ''I could tell by the way you said it, you clearly said hares. And I don't think we can say for certain if that was a musket. It could have been a fowling piece. But I can find out," I said.
  With that, I took off my hat and extended it out beyond the safety of the rock using a longish stick. A loud gunshot resounded and my hat flew backwards with many holes in it.
  "Definitely a fowling peace. Maybe it's just an angry farmer and we are not at war at all. Maybe we are at piece.''
  "That was a foul misuse of peace and piece? You're just as bad as me. And how do you know it's not a shotgun? If you step out from behind this rock, you might end up in peaces.''
  ''If this is 1778, and I stress the if, then it was definitely a fowling piece. It may sound like a shotgun and smell like a shotgun but in this times, it would have to be a fowling piece. But fowls can't distinguish between piece and peace except at the end of their lives, when they may end up in frying pieces,'' I said.
  ''Did you just mix you're singular and plural in the same clause? This is really getting out of hand. And did you mean flying when you said frying?''
  "Truly it is getting out of hand, but you just used a wrong contraction for the possessive form of you. What about that now? And I meant exactly what I said. Now all this talk of frying fouls has gotten me hungry. I hope Tee-time is soon.''
  "Did not Benjamin Franklin once say that a fowl in the hand is worth too in the fryer? But mine was a common mistake. You must excuse me sometimes.''
  "No I musn't. You have no excuse whatever. And I believe it was Socrates,'' I said.
  "You just mis-spelled mustn't. It has too teas in it you know.''
  "I didn't think you'd notice. The first one is silent, you know.''
  "This is all getting to be ridiculous. Perhaps we should just surrender to the man with the gun and let him sort it out. By the by, I still think it might have been a musket,'' said my friend.
  "Clearly you are insane. How could it be a musket? You saw the multiple holes, same as I. And how do you know it's a man. It could be a woman trying to kill us,'' said I.
  ''Some musket balls are designed to fragment on impact. Maybe it was one of those.''
  "Impact with what? My hat? It was made of felt.''
  "It still is made of felt. It's just over there. Only now it's full of wholes.''
  At that point, I felt it was time to resolve all this and get on to Tea. I proceeded to take out my white hankerchief and tie it to the longish stick. I stuck it out over the top of the rock and waved it vigorously. My friend and me then heard a loud man's voice from the same direction as the gunfire.
  "Come out with your hands up. I won't shoot you, I promise.''
 We both stood up and came out from the rock, hands raised.
  "We surrender. What do you want, good Sir?,'' I asked.
  Now the man yelled at us.
  ''I just want the both of you to SHUT THE HELL UP.''

The Sea Venture

             Will Shakespeare and the Jamestown connection
   Most everyone in the English speaking world could probably tell you that Will Shakespeare was an English playwright. One of his best works is The Tempest. Very few of those people have ever seen this play or any others by him performed. And only the most devoted fans of The Bard could tell you that this play is based on actual events that occurred just off our shores in Bermuda.
  The year was 1609 and a fleet of ships set sail from England for Virginia. These seven ships; Sea Venture, Falcon, Diamond, Swallow, Unity, Blessing, Lion, and two smaller crafts, were loaded with much needed supplies and new colonists for the Jamestown colony. The flagship of that fleet was the newly constructed Sea Venture. This was to be her maiden voyage and also her last. The fleet encountered a great storm or hurricane and the Sea Venture was separated from the rest of the ships.
  The oakum caulking between the planks had not set and cured properly and the Sea Venture began to take on water. The island chain of the Bermudas was known to be close by and Sir George Summers himself steered for that as best he could. Having spent many years on the high seas myself, I know this is not an easy task. Sometimes you just have to point your bow into the storm and ride it out.
   So the ship was run aground on Bermuda and all the people and most of the supplies survived. The ship itself was unsalvageable and broke apart. Some of the wood from it would eventually be made into two smaller boats that the survivors used to get to Jamestown.
  In the ten months in between, there were numerous fights, mutinies, murders and executions. There were also happy times including two births and a marriage. One such birth was to the wife of John Rolfe. The girl child was christened Bermuda but soon died on the island she was named after. The wife, Sarah Hacker, died shortly after the group arrived in Virginia. John Rolfe went on to marry Pocahontas and was the first successful tobacco farmer.
  Aside from the murders and executions, and the births, the Shakespeare play contains all of these dramatic events. The characters of Antonio, the Duke of Milan, and Prospero, his brother and former Duke of Milan, have been compared to Sir Thomas Gates and Sir George Summers. They were the two highest ranking men on the ship and often at odds with each other. Christopher Newport, the actual captain of the ship, could be compared to the honest Lord Gonzalo.
  William Strachey chronicled all the events of the Sea Venture and the eventual arrival at Jamestown. He wrote all this down shortly after the events and sent the manuscipt back to England in 1610. He called it,  A True Reportery of the Wreck and Redemption of Sir Thomas Gates. He returned to England shortly after that. There is no proof positive that Shakespeare and Strachey knew each other but certainly they must have known of each other. The parallels between The Tempest and A True Reportery are too numerous to have been coincidence.
  There are some really hardcore Shakespeare conspiracy theorists that claim they were one and the same man.  Some others also claim that Shakespeare was Edward de Vere, the 17th Earl of Oxford. This is known as the Oxfordian school. I don't subscibe to any of those schools of thought. I think Shakespeare was a real person and not a pseudonym for someone else. I believe that Shakespeare read Strachey's work and borrowed heavily from it. Both of their lives are too well documented for them to have been the same man. The title of the first chapter of Strachey's work is A Most Dreadful Tempest. Many other specific words and phrases are found in both works. For instance, Strachey writes about ''the sharp windes, blowing Northerly'' almost exactly matches Prospero's line about ''the sharp wind of the North.''
  Caliban could be seen as representing the Indians, especially those Powhatans hostile to the English, such as Opechancanough, King Powhatan's brother.  Powhatan himself would then have to be Ariel. That would make Miranda a representation of Pocahontas and Ferdinand a representation of John Rolfe. No one but me has ever made this comparison because the time line is all wrong. John Rolfe didn't meet and marry Pocahontas, whose real name was Matoaka, until well after both Strachey's story and Shakespeare's play were written. According to the anthropologist Helen C. Rountree, Pocahontas "revealed her secret name to the English only after she had taken her new Christian name, Rebecca"
 The marriage of John and Pocahontas, now renamed Rebecca, didn't last very long. She gave birth to their son, Thomas, and died in England shortly after. In fact, she died just as she and John were on a ship headed back to Virginia. But while they were married, there was relative peace between the Powhatans and the English. Rebecca/Matoaka was a guest of honor while in London and even met with the King, James the 1st.
  One can only wonder if upon first setting eyes on England and the English, did she say, " Oh, wonder! How many goodly creatures are there here! How beauteous mankind is! O brave new world, That has such people in it?''
  Somehow, I doubt she said anything like that but we will never know for sure, will we?

Pembroke Manor

                   Pembroke Manor House
   I like trees, especially big, old trees. I think trees can tell us a lot about history. They can tell us about the historic people who planted the trees as well. There are two sycamores and an oak that grow on the grounds of a very old house in Virginia Beach. The trees tell me that the person who planted them hoped the trees would shade this house well and they do. The trees also tell me that the man thought his family would be around for a long time to enjoy that house and the trees. That man was very wrong in that assumption. The house is still here but no one from his family has owned it in over two hundred years.
  Just off Independence Blvd and north of Pembroke Mall sits that old house. The house is called Pembroke Manor and it lends it's name to the mall and some of the neighborhoods  around it. But where did the name come from and who built that house and gave it such a curious name. One has to go back to 1764 to find the beginnings of the house. But the origin of the name itself goes back even further and also goes back to Wales. Henry Tudor was born at a place called Pembroke Castle in the western part of Wales. He would go on to become Henry the seventh, the first Tudor monarch of England.
  The man who built the house and named it Pembroke was Jonathon Saunders the second. He didn't name it after that place in Wales but after his wife, Elizabeth Thoroughgood. Her nickname was Pembroke, which probably came from the castle in Wales. His grandfather was the first Jonathan Saunders and was the parson of the Lynnhaven parish church from 1695 until 1700. He received the land as part of a grant for taking the job of rector of that parish. He died unexpectantly and the property passed to his young son, John. His widow married Maximillian Boush, who became chief warden of the vestry of Lynnhaven. His son Samuel would become the first mayor of Norfolk. Boush street in that city is named for the Boush family.
  Young John grew up and went to sea and eventually became a captain. His sister, Mary, married Cornelius Calvert, another locally famous sea captain. John did very well for himself but never seemed to find the time to build a house on that land. His son finally got around to it in 1764. The house is quite impressive for it's time and still is.
 It is built of locally made red brick in the Flemish bond style. In each course, a stretcher brick is separated by a header. So it has long and short bricks alternating in each run. It looks very attractive and is my favorite brick pattern. It's very common in many of the colonial houses in our area so it must have been the favorite of many  people then as well,
  The fourth Saunders in that family line was also named John, after his grandfather. He lived during the time of the American Revolution and that is when the family lost the house. John thought the Revolution was a bad idea and he stayed loyal to King and Crown. Thomas Jefferson, governor of Virginia at that time, confiscated the house and lands away from him and auctioned them off. He ended up in Canada after the war and worked as a lawyer and a judge.
  Another prominent family, the Kellams, bought the house and lands. They sold it to Dr. James McAlpine in 1824. His sons all served in the Confederate army and the house was temporarily seized by Union troops.The lands diminished as parts were sold over the years until now the house sits on about one acre of land. It is surrounded by closely packed new developments. The house itself has changed ownership many times over the years until now.
  Two hundred years later, Sadie and Vernon Kellam wrote a book called Old Houses of Princess Anne County. The manor house and many others are well documented in this small but excellent book. It is out of print now but can be printed to order by any of the big booksellers.
  The newest owners are a Chinese educational company called Homeitech Education Group. They intend to use the house as a leadership training center. The previous owners, Tony and Shirley Dimino, owned the manor house for over twenty years and ran the Ivy League Academy in the house for some of those years. The Academy has moved back to it's previous location in the Church of the Nazarine on Wishart road, next door to the Lynnhaven house.
  When the Diminos started the school, the city wanted them to remove one of the old sycamores because they thought if a branch were to fall, it might pose a danger to the children. Tony Dimino fenced it off and the tree still stands. The trees stand one on each side as if to guard the house. The solitary oak sits in the Southeast corner of the lot.
  Tony also told me about the tunnel running from the basement towards the river.. He filled that with sand and built a brick walkway over the top. He also started replacing the old mortar between the bricks some years ago. The house is on the National Registry of Historic places and that status can be jeopordised by changes made to the house. Tony was assured that his replacing the mortar was okay and got about halfway done on two sides. A change in personal and policy at the Registry put a stop to his work and now the house looks like it is two toned.
  Down the street about fifty yards is a fenced-in lot that was once the family cemetery. One of the stones was moved to Old Donation Church but the rest are missing. So now no one knows exactly where anyone is buried. Johnathan Saunders stone was moved but his remains still rest in that lot.
   Tony and Shirley Dimino both said that they are looking forward to their much deserved retirement in Florida. They also said they will dearly miss the old manor house but will also miss all the people of our town that they met through the years. But most of all, they will miss the many children that attended their school. As to the trees, one can only hope that they live for a long time to come.

Oysters and Englishmen

Oysters and George Percy
 The first local food eaten by English colonists in Virginia were oysters. How this happened is one of the strangest stories in American history. It was April 27th 1607, and the English had just landed at Cape Henry and been attacked by Savages. How and why this occurred we will never know. Two English were wounded. The account doesn't say how many Indians were wounded. The 104 English men and boys had just completed a dangerous voyage of four months and the food supplies were getting low. They had stopped in Puerto Rico and several other islands and taken on fresh water and some wild game and fish but staples like flour and salt were in short supply. The famous John Smith was not there those first few days because he was locked up aboard the ship for plotting a mutiny. When the colony's charter was opened and read, John Smith was named one of the seven man governing council.  He was reprieved from execution but would not be released for several more days. It was not until arrival at the Jamestown site that he was freed and could get back to his job of soldiering.
 The man who chronicled the events of those first days and weeks was George Percy. Percy and Smith never got along but had to work together for the survival of the colony. Percy kept a journal and later wrote an essay to counter what Smith was writing in his memoirs. Percy claimed Smith's account was falsified to make him look like a hero. Percy was a lesser son of discredited nobility and probably resented Smith, a farmer's son turned soldier. Percy's uncle had been beheaded for his involvement in a plot to free Mary, Queen of Scots. George Percy's father was imprisoned in the Tower for suspicion of involvement in the Gunpowder plot of 1605. So George thought it best to get out of England for a while and try his luck in the new colony of Virginia.
 So, the next day, a party set off to explore further inland. This time, the Indians must have seen them and ran off. The explorers came upon a large fire pit with fresh oysters roasting in it. They stopped long enough to consume all they could eat and continued on their way. George Percy declared them to be, " very large and delicate in taste." The men were all familiar with oysters as they had been harvested and eaten in England since at least Roman times. So roasted oysters were the very first local food consumed in Virginia. If the Indians had been roasting corn, would the colonists have eaten that, being unfamiliar with ears of corn? I think they would have eaten whatever they had found no matter what it was. They were hungry after all and had already eaten many strange and new foods in their island stopovers.
  On the fourth day, the famous cross planting occurred at Cape Henry. The colonists had brought with them a small boat called a shallop in pieces. They put it together and used it to explore the shallower waters feeding into the bay. Later they used the shallop to do some oystering in a smaller bay that sounds a lot like Mill Creek in Hampton. Christopher Newport was captain of the Susan Constant but Edward Wingfield was now head of the council. Both Smith and Percy would occupy that position in the coming months. The two men did not like each other at all and each in turn could have put the other under arrest when they were in charge. The complex politics of those early months probably stayed their hands. Smith came close to the gallows on a few occasions. Eventually, a real Governor arrived and Smith was sent back to England under arrest. He would clear his name in England and eventually write his questionable memoirs.
 I did a little oystering back in the 80's and almost went to jail for it. I like all kinds of seafood but I like free seafood even better. The Lynnhaven oysters were off limits at that time due to bacteria and other nasty stuff from runoff. The river is much better now but all shellfish were illegal at that time. I would go out at night in my little skiff and harvest a bushel at a time. I wasn't selling them so I thought I should be allowed. The entitlement of youth was my logic for breaking the law. I always left the oysters in clean water for 24 hours and cooked them thoroughly before eating them. I preferred roasting just like the Indians did. I was out until dawn one night and the game warden caught me. He made me dump my catch and warned me never to be seen on those oyster beds again. It only occurs to me now that I could have been harvesting oysters in the same way as the first colonists of long ago.
 As I researched and wrote this, a poem by Lewis Carroll in his children's book, Through the Looking Glass, came to mind. Lewis Carroll's real name was Charles Dodgson. That poem is of course, "The Walrus and the Carpenter." I doubt if it occurred to Mr. Carroll that his characters could be the two men from the Jamestown Colony. Many scholars over the years have tried to attach symbolic or hidden meaning to Carroll's work. I think it is pure coincidence and probably hasn't even occurred to anyone but me. In my mind, George Percy is the Walrus and John Smith is the Carpenter. I'm not sure who the oysters are. They could be either the Indians or the other colonists. In light of the recent evidence of cannibalism during the starving times at Jamestown, either comparison would fit.
 In the book by Carroll, Alice discusses the poem with the Tweedle brothers after they recite it to her.
 "I like the Walrus best," said Alice, "because you see he was a little sorry for the poor oysters."
 "He ate more than the Carpenter, though," said Tweedledee. "You see he held his handkerchief in front, so that the Carpenter couldn't count how many he took: contrariwise."
 "That was mean!" Alice said indignantly. "Then I like the Carpenter best—if he didn't eat so many as the Walrus."
 "But he ate as many as he could get," said Tweedledum.
 This was a puzzler. After a pause, Alice began, "Well! They were both very unpleasant characters—"
   Bill Huber 2015
  Bill is a writer of historical fiction and social commentary who lives in Virginia.


Grace White Sherwood Timeline

   John White emigrates to Virginia. He receives 195 acres headrights for bringing himself, his wife Susan, his son John Jr. and Soloman White. This land was deeded to him in 1674. This information is wrong as Grace was born in 1660. Did John White wait all those years before claiming the land. I don't think so. Some Knotts Island folks claim Grace was the child of Patrick White. I don't know who to believe in this matter.
   1660  Grace is born.
  1680   Grace marries James Sherwood. John White gives fifty acres to his son in law, James.
  1681  John White dies leaving one hundred and forty-five acres to James Sherwood.
  1690  Grace and James sell fifteen acres to Plomer Bray. Who is he and what is his relationship with the Sherwoods.
   1697 Richard Capps slanders Grace about his bewitched bull. No formal charges of witchcraft are brought against Grace. She is suing him for slander. The case is settled out of court.
  1698  Grace sues John Gisborne and Eliza Barnes for slander. Grace allegedly bewitched Gisborne's hogs to death and bewitched his cotton. Eliza claimed that Grace came into the Barnes house in the form of a black cat and rode Eliza out across the land. Then she turned into smoke and left through the keyhole. Grace was suing for one hundred pounds sterling in each case. Both cases were dismissed. James Sherwood had to pay all the witnesses for their time. Whether they actually testified or not isn't recorded.
   1695  Jonathan Saunders is appointed rector of Lynnhaven parish. He marries Mary Bennett Ewell, a young widow. They have two children, John and Mary.
   !699  Maximillian Boush is appointed as Queen's counsel to Princess Anne county, Norfolk County and Norfolk Borough. This position is roughly equivalent to a district attorney.
   !700  Jonathan Saunders dies. Boush immediately marries his widow.
   1701  A new pastor is appointed, Simon Wheatley. He is soon sent on to Bruton parish in Williamburg.
    James Sherwood dies intestate. He was forty-two years old and presumeably in good health. He is allegedly buried at the Lynnhaven church. If he died at home he would have been buried there on the farm. The only reason he would have been buried at the church was if he died there. Usually only the upper crust of society and the pastor and his family were buried in the churchyard. Lower class farmers such as James would have been buried at home.
   Grace is named executor of the estate. The inventory shows just how poor they were.
   1702   No new pastor is sent to the parish. Boush is elected Senior Warden of the vestry. He is now the defacto head of the parish for the next twelve years. Visiting pastors from Norfolk would have occasionally come out to do the eucharistic service, maybe once a month. Otherwise all the parish had on Sundays were readings from the Bible or the Book of Common Prayer by lay readers.
  1705  Grace is assaulted by Luke Hill and his wife Elizabeth. She sues for trespass and assault. She asks for fifty pounds sterling damages but is only awarded twenty shillings. twenty shillings equals about one pound. This is the first case Grace has won although the award is almost an insult. The jury foreman didn't sign off on the case and Grace may not have ever been paid.
  The Hills then accuse Grace of witchcraft, This is the first time she has been charged for this serious offence. Grace refuses to appear and the case is carried over until 1706. Grace is tried by ducking and found guilty. She could have been hanged at this point but was jailed instead. She is made to stand on a stool in church and beg forgiveness from the congregation.
   1708   She had to pay six hundred pounds tobacco to the court. Boush is paid five thousand pounds of tobacco.
1710   Alexander Spotswood is appointed Lieutenant Governor of Virginia by Lord George Hamilton, the Lord of the Orkney isles. He had supported William and Mary when they ousted James the second and took over the throne.
                   Here is where it gets very interesting.
   1714   Queen Anne dies. She is the last of the Stuart line and leaves no children to take the throne. Her half brother, James Francis Stuart is next in line but is rejected because of his Catholic faith. George the first is made king instead. This was the start of the Hanoverian Dynasty.
  George Hamiton is made Lord of the Bedchamber to the new German King. This is a very promenent position. He was also made Governor of Edinbough castle.
  Now a new rector is sent to Lynnhave parish. His name is James Tenant. This is a very Scottish name. Did Lord Hamilton appoint him? I think yes. Boush is no longer Queen's counsel but remains as Senior Warden for the rest of his life.
  One of the first things James Tenant does is to let Grace out of jail and help her get her land back. She has to pay two pounds of tobacco per acre but only gets one hundred and forty-four back. What happened to the other thirty-five? Did she have to sell it to raise the money? One theory is that she had already given those acres to her son James. The fact that she left the other portion to John, her second son, seems to support this.
  James Tenant marries one of the many Thorowgood women. I think Boush arranged this to get on Tenant's good side
  1733  Grace is now seventy-three years old and writes her will. Probably one of her sons wrote it because she signed with an X and probably couldn't write. The inventory is similar to the one of her husband James when he died. There are less farm animals listed but a few more material goods.
  1740   Grace's will is read on December third and we we must guess that she had died just prior to that date.

the witnesses
Martha Ward
Susanna Williams
John Lewis and wife
Thomas Williams and wife Elizabeth
Owen MacGrary
Edward Baker
John James

Saturday, April 21, 2018

Grace Sherwood

  Here are all the deeds and wills pertaining to the land on Muddy Creek that was once owned by Grace Sherwood. The Google map pix are of that land. Notice the close up of a pier or dock on Muddy creek. Also there is a clearing next to a large tree.

  By a patent dated 26 Sept. 1674 John1 White was granted 195 acres in Lower Norfolk Co. in the northern branch of Curratuck by Mr. Basnett’s land. The patent was given for transport of 4 persons; i.e. John White, Susan White, John White, Jr., and Solomon White.[11] On 24 May 1680 John White gave James Sherwood 50 acres of land in Lower Norfolk Co. on Basnett’s Creek.[12] John White left his will in Lower Norfolk Co., dated 9 Feb. 1680/1. He left “unto my loving Sone in Law James Sherwood all my land.” Also mentioned were John Sevell, Mary Sevell, James3 the son of James Sherwood, and Edward Atwood, Sr. He named James Sherwood his sole executor.[13] By a deed, dated 16 May 1690, James Sherwood and Grace2 (White) Sherwood sold part of the land “given unto said Sherwood his heirs exc., admr., or assigns by John White, carpenter.”[14] Grace (White) Sherwood attained some notoriety as the Virginia Witch. She was examined by the county court and in 1706 her case was heard by the Virginia council.[15] She left a will in Princess Anne Co. dated 20 Aug. 1733.[16]
  Book:The Lower Norfolk County Virginia Antiquary by Peter Smith
 Pg. 89
“In the name of god amen I John White being Sick in body but of perfect memory blessed by god, do appoint this to be my last will and testament.Impr. Give my soul to Almighty god & to Jesus Christ by whose death & passion I hope to have Remission of all my Sins, my worldly Estate as followeth, Item I give unto my Loving Son In Law James Sherwood all my Land, Item I give unto John Sevell on Cow & Calf, and a Heifer of 2 years old, and one Iron pot, Item I give unto Mary Sevell one Cow & Calf, Item I give unto James the son of James Sherwood, one two year old Heifer, Item I give unto John Cevell my great gun, Item I give unto Edward Atwood Segr. One Cow Calve to Run with the Increase on James Sherwood’s Land & the said James Sherwood to Look after them as after his own.In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand, I likewise make the said James Sherwood my Sole Executor.
 Signed Sealed in the presence of us this 9th day of February 1680
 Alexander KeelingJohn White
 John CorperhewProved in Court 11th May 1681
Test: WM  PORTEN Cl Cur."
   "Know all men these prsents yt wee James Sherrwood and Grace Doe for a valluable Consideration in hand received of Capt Plomer Bray, Doe for us our heires Execqr Admr bargaine Sell Sett ovr & alien unto the afore Said Bray his heirs Exeqr Admr for Ever a parcell of Land out of a par Sell of Land which Land being given unto the Said Sherrwood his heires Execqr admr or assignes
John White, Carpenter wch Land begins att a marcked pine that parts a parcell of Land commonly called by the name wilford which said willford is in the possession and occupation of the afore Said Capt plomer Bray being parted marckt trees betwene the said Bray Land and the afore Said piece of Land that we James and Grace have alienated unto ye said Bray his heires Exeqr Admr and
assigned for Ever & Soe to a marckt pine then westerly to a marckt poplar and then North and by west to ye Creek and So along ye Creecke comonly called by the Name of Basnetts Creek the Land upon the South: Side to the first Station: which Land being aboute fifteene acres more or Less with all rights previledges all mines and minerals hunting hawking which Land we James and Grace Do from us our heires Execqr Admrs Sell to the said Bray his heirs
Execqr Admr and assignes with warrantie of the said Land we acknowledged our Selves in the penall summ of teen thousand pounds of tobaco that the a fore Said Land is No way Incumbered Nor Noe p Son p any means hath any claime or claimes Soe wee: James and Grace Doe oblidge our selves our heires Exeqr admrs
that the afore Said Bray Shall nott bee molested p us or our heires Execqr Admrs but yt said Bray shall peaceably Injoy posess the afore Said Land both for him Self his heires Exeqr and Admr and wee James and Grace Doe this  In wittness whereof
Do here Set our hands and Seales this 16th of May Anno 1690
Signed Sealed and Delivered                 James S Sherrwood(1)
In the prSense of us Acknowled          Grace Sherrwood(2) and Seal
Law Sawer              ged in Court
James Jouseling        15th Sept 1690
                                           "Test: WM PORTEN Cl Cur."
   Princess Anne At a Court held ye 3rd Septr 1701 present Mr Ben Borr M Henry Woodhouse Mr Rob1 Thorovvgood Mr Henry Spratt Mr Joell Cornick Justices Upon ye Peticon of Grace Sherwood Relict of James Sherwood yt a Commscon of Adminisfcon might be granted her on her Deed Husbonds Estate he Dying Intestate which is granted pvided Shee give Security for ye Same as ye Law Directs It is Ordered y4 ye Sherr Som Edw Cannon Senr & Richd Bonney to meet at y late Dwelling house of James Sherwood & appraise ye sd Sherwood's Estate upon ye 8th Day of ye Instant Septr Provided they bee ffirst Sworne for Porpose & mr Joell Cornick is Requested to bee y11 & theare to Sweare ym An Inventory & Appraismt of ye Estate of James Sherwood Deed taken by vertue of an ordr of Princess County Court dated ye 8tb Day of this Instant Sept our hands ye 8tb of Septr 1701 lb tob 1 old bed & boulster & pillowes & bedstead & a few old blanketts being all ye beding 290 1 low table & forme & Seven old Cheres 320 2 old Chests & one old box 160 one hand mill & frame & 300 3 milk payles two trayes & other milk Vessells wth Some other Lumber 200 4 Sider Casks 110 2 Iron potts & bailes & one pott hangr 150 3 Iron wedges one pestell one Spitt two old narrow axes two old broad hoes & 1 fizgig 200 to one old gun 250 to a persell of fieathers 120 1 old wooling wheeles Linen D 1 old Cutting Knife 080 one old poore mangy Scabby horse 20 2200
to 6 Ewes one weather one ram 800 Ed Cannon Rich Bonney totall 3000 An additionall account of wt is not here Inventoryed appraised a true acct given by me Grace Sherwood to ye best my knowledge & wch is as ffolloweth Vizt one Sadle & and two old with Basketts & a sadle & five head of Cattle seven head of hoggs Signum Grace Sherwood Princess Ann At a Court the 7th Xber
Princess Anne county Virginia; In the Name of Almighty God Amen, The last will & Testament of Grace Sherwood &c.
     Imprs.  I give & bequeath unto my son John Sherwood my plantacon whereon I now live containing one hundred & fourty-four acres (5) of land to him & his heires lawfully begoten for ever to have & to hold forever, likewise I give unto my Son Jno Sherwood at my decease all my personall Estate moveable & immoveable what is in my house or what is without everything whatsoever everything that is mine, I give & bequeath unto my son John Sherwood & to his heirs lawfully begotten, all wholy & solely at my decease Excepting ten Shillings to be given as followeth:  I give & bequeath unto my son James Sherwood five Shillings current money of this colony to be paid at my decease.  It. I give & bequeath unto my son Richard Sherwood five Shillings current money of this colony to be paid at my decease, After which payment I leave my son Jno Sherwood my whole & Sole Executor over this my last will & Testament to see it faithfully performed, & to ye truth of this my last will & Testamt I have hereunto set my hand & seal being in my perfect & sound minde & memory this 20th day of August in ye year of our Lord God 1733.
     Selled sined & Decd                                   Grace [mark] Sherwood
In the presence of us                    Princess Anne:  At a court held the 1st
Jno Willbur, Jno Bray                   day of October, 1740 Then ye within
Jno X Burgess                              last will of Grace Sherwood decd was

Page 20.
                                    prsented in court by her Exor who made
                                    oath thereto & being proved by ye oaths
                                    of all ye witnesses thereto is admitted to
                        At a court held the first day of October 1740
Princess             William Robinson, Edwd Hack Moseley
Anne                 Thomas Walke, John Nicholas             Gent Justices
     The last will & Testament of Grace Sherwood decd was prsented in court by
Jno Sherwood her Exor who made oath thereto, & being proved by oaths of all the witnesses thereto is admited to record & on the mocon of the Said Jno & his performing what is usual in such cases, certificate is granted him for obtaining a probate thereof in due form.

                               At a court held the 3rd December 1740
Anne          Anthony Walke, Jacob Ellegood
prsent        Nathaniel Newton, Edwd Hack Moseley      Gent Justices
              James Condon, John Nicholas
     The Inventory of Grace Sherwood decd her Estate being returned is ordered to be recorded.
     A memorandum of Grace Shearwood's Estate deceas'd  To 5 head of cattle to one steer at four years old, To one steer and heifer three years old, two heifers at two years old, one hand mill, one frame table with a draw, one chest and box, one Iron spit, one box Iron, three low chairs, one Inglish blanket, one Iron pot, a pewter dish and bason, this is a true Inctruary.
                                                          JOHN SHEARWOOD
     Presented in court the 3d December 1740 and ordered to be recorded.
In the Name of God Amen, Feb. 13 day 1752, I John Sharwood Senr. of Lynhaven Parish and in the County of Princess Anne being of perfect mind etc, Item I give and bequeath unto my son James Sharwood and to the heirs of his body lawfully begotten forever after my the decease of his mother the Plantation whereon I now live where with the land thereunto belonging shall consist of 48 acres of land and is the northern most part of the dividend of land whereon I now live which is a dividend of 144 acres of land lying in Muddy Creek. I also give unto my son James Sharwood one two year old heifer and one gun. Item. I give an bequeath unto my son Josiah Sharwood and to the heirs of his body lawfully begotten forever 48 acres of Woodland and in the southern most part of a dividend of 144 acre of land wherein I now live. I also give unto my son Josiah Sharwood one heifer and one gun. I give and bequeath unto my son John Sharwood and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten forever 48 acres of of Woodland land and in the western most part of the said dividend of 14 acres of land whereon I now live. I also give unto my son John Sharwood one heifer. Item I give and bequeath unto my daughter Margot Sharwood one heifer. Item I give and bequeath unto my daughter Sarah Sharwood one heifer. Item I give and bequeath unto my daughter Mary Sharwood one heifer. Item I give and bequeath unto my daughter Ollive Sharwood one heifer. As for the rest of my worldly estate I give to my loving wife Mary Sharwood leaving her whole and sole executor of this my Last Will and Testament revoking and disannulling all other Wills formerly made by me in with whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year above written.
John "E" Sharwood & Seal
Signed sealed and delived in presents of us John James John "E (his makr)" Capps
Princess Anne At a court held the 21st Aug 1753 The above last Will and Testament of Jno Sharwood was presented in court by his Executor who made oath thereto and being proved by the oath of John James Witness thereto admitted to Court.
Last Will and Testament of John Sharwood, Sr., Executed 14th day of February, 1752, probated 21 Aug. 1753, Princess Anne County,
Captain Johnathan "John" Whitehurst was born about 1720 in Prince William County, Virginia Colony to John W. Whitehurst, Jr. and Elizabeth Ann Carraway (Caraway).
John married Sarah "Sally" Sharwood (Sherwood) about 1752 in Price William County, Virginia Colony and they had sons Aaron, Simon, and John and daughter Frances.
John died June 11, 1789 in Virginia.[1][2]
Simon (sometimes spelled Simeon) Sheridan Whitehurst was born in Princess Anne County, Virginia Colony, in 1755 to Jonathan Whitehurst and Sarah Sharwood (Sherwood). He embraced Christianity in 1808, becoming a member of the Methodist Episcopal denomination.[1]
Simon served during the Revolutionary war, was wounded several times, captured as a prisoner of war, and eventually escaped his captors.[2]
He married twice. His first wife was Mary Ann Elizabeth Scott, who at one time was rumored to be a cousin (or sister or aunt) of General Winfield Scott but has not been able to be connected to the General. They were married on June 25, 1782 in North Carolina.[3][4] They had seven children. Mary died in Hamilton County, Florida in 1830 or 1831.[5]
His second wife was Christiana (sometimes spelled Christina or Christianna or Charistina) Burkhalter (sometimes listed as Buckhalter). They were married on November 6, 1832 in Telfair, Georgia.[6]
Simon was the first Whitehurst to move into the state of Florida. He died in Jasper, Florida on May 6, 1848. His actual grave site is unmarked and unknown as the cemetery of the small church he was in was sold and the burials were not moved.